Network of Social Media Accounts Impersonates U.S. Political Candidates, Leverages U.S. and Israeli Media in Support of Iranian Interests

Original Post from FireEye
Author: Alice Revelli

In August 2018, FireEye Threat Intelligence released a report
exposing what we assessed to be an Iranian
influence operation
leveraging networks of inauthentic news
sites and social media accounts aimed at audiences around the world.
We identified inauthentic social media accounts posing as everyday
Americans that were used to promote content from inauthentic news
sites such as Liberty Front Press (LFP), US Journal, and Real
Progressive Front. We also noted a then-recent shift in branding for
some accounts that had previously self-affiliated with LFP; in July
2018, the accounts dropped their LFP branding and adopted personas
aligned with progressive political movements in the U.S. Since then,
we have continued to investigate and report on the operation to our
intelligence customers, detailing the activity of dozens of additional
sites and hundreds of additional social media accounts.

Recently, we investigated a network of English-language social media
accounts that engaged in inauthentic behavior and misrepresentation
and that we assess with low confidence was organized in support of
Iranian political interests. In addition to utilizing fake American
personas that espoused both progressive and conservative political
stances, some accounts impersonated real American individuals,
including a handful of Republican political candidates that ran for
House of Representatives seats in 2018. Personas in this network have
also had material published in U.S. and Israeli media outlets,
attempted to lobby journalists to cover specific topics, and appear to
have orchestrated audio and video interviews with U.S. and UK-based
individuals on political issues. While we have not at this time tied
these accounts to the broader influence operation we identified last
year, they promoted material in line with Iranian political interests
in a manner similar to accounts that we have previously assessed to be
of Iranian origin. Most of the accounts in the network appear to have
been suspended on or around the evening of 9 May, 2019. Appendix 1
provides a sample of accounts in the network.

The Network

The accounts, most of which were created between April 2018 and
March 2019, used profile pictures appropriated from various online
sources, including, but not limited to, photographs of individuals on
social media with the same first names as the personas. As with some
of the accounts that we identified to be of Iranian origin last
August, some of these new accounts self-described as activists,
correspondents, or “free journalist[s]” in their user descriptions.
Some accounts posing as journalists claimed to belong to specific news
organizations, although we have been unable to identify individuals
belonging to those news organizations with those names.

Narratives promoted by these and other accounts in the network
included anti-Saudi, anti-Israeli, and pro-Palestinian themes.
Accounts expressed support for the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action
(JCPOA), commonly known as the Iran nuclear deal; opposition to the
Trump administration’s designation of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary
Guard Corps (IRGC) as a Foreign Terrorist Organization; antipathy
toward the Ministerial to Promote a Future of Peace and Security in
the Middle East (a U.S.-led conference that focused on Iranian
influence in the Middle East more commonly known as the February 2019
Warsaw Summit); and condemnation of U.S. President Trump’s veto of a
resolution passed by Congress to end U.S. involvement in the Yemen conflict.


Figure 1: Sample tweets on the Trump
administration’s designation of Iran’s IRGC as a Foreign Terrorist Organization

Interestingly, some accounts in the network also posted a small
amount of messaging seemingly contradictory to their otherwise
pro-Iran stances. For example, while one account’s tweets were almost
entirely in line with Iranian political interests, including a tweet
claiming that “iran has shown us that his nuclear program is peaceful
[sic],” the account also posted a series of tweets directed at U.S.
President Trump on Sept. 25, 2018, the same day that he gave a speech
to the United Nations in which he excoriated the Iranian Government.
The account called on Trump to attack Iran, using the hashtags
#attack_Iran, #go_to_hell_Rouhani, #stop_sanctions, #UnitedNations,
and #trump_speech; other accounts in the network, which likewise
predominantly held pro-Iran stances, echoed these sentiments, using
the same or similar hashtags. It is possible that these accounts were
seeking to build an audience with views antipathetic to Iran that
could then later be targeted with pro-Iranian messaging.

Apart from the narratives and messaging promoted, we observed
several limited indicators that the network was operated by Iranian
actors. For example, one account in the network, @AlexRyanNY, created
in 2010, had only two visible tweets prior to 2017, one of which, from
2011, was in Persian and of a personal nature. Subsequently in 2017,
@AlexRyanNY claimed in a tweet to be “an Iranian who supported
Hillary” in a tweet directed at a Democratic political strategist.
This account, using the display name “Alex Ryan” and claiming to be a
Newsday correspondent, appropriated the photograph of a genuine
individual also with the first name of Alex. We note that it is
possible that the account was compromised from another individual or
that it was merely repurposed by the same actor. Additionally, while
most of the accounts in the network had their interface languages set
to English, we observed that one account had its interface language
set to Persian.

Impersonation of U.S. Political Candidates

Some Twitter accounts in the network impersonated Republican
political candidates that ran for House of Representatives seats in
the 2018 U.S. congressional midterms. These accounts appropriated the
candidates’ photographs and, in some cases, plagiarized tweets from
the real individuals’ accounts. Aside from impersonating real U.S.
political candidates, the behavior and activity of these accounts
resembled that of the others in the network.

For example, the account @livengood_marla impersonated Marla
Livengood, a 2018 candidate for California’s 9th
Congressional District, using a photograph of Livengood and a campaign
banner for its profile and background pictures. The account began
tweeting on Sept. 24, 2018, with its first tweet plagiarizing one from
Livengood’s official account earlier that month:


Figure 2: Tweet by suspect account
@livengood_marla, dated Sept. 24, 2018 (left); tweet by Livengood’s
verified account, dated Sept. 1, 2018 (right)

The @livengood_marla account plagiarized a number of other tweets
from Livengood’s official account, including some that referenced
Livengood’s official account username:


Figure 3: Tweet by suspect account
@livengood_marla, dated Sept. 24, 2018 (left); tweet by Livengood’s
verified account, dated Sept. 3, 2018 (right)

The @livengood_marla account also tweeted various news snippets on
both political and apolitical subjects, such as the confirmation of
Brett Kavanaugh to the U.S. Supreme Court and the wedding of the UK’s
Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank, prior to segueing into promoting
material more closely aligned with Iranian interests. For example, the
account, along with others in the network, commemorated the United
Nations’ International Day of the Girl Child with a photograph of
emaciated children in Yemen, as well as narratives pertaining to the
killing of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi and Saudi Shiite child
Zakaria al-Jaber, intended to portray Saudi Arabia in a negative light.

In another example, the account @ButlerJineea impersonated Jineea
Butler, a 2018 candidate for New York’s 13th Congressional
District, using a photograph of Butler for its profile picture and
incorporating her campaign slogans into its background picture, as
well as claiming in its Twitter bio to be a “US House candidate,
NY-13” and linking to Butler’s website, jineeabutlerforcongress.com.


Figure 4: Suspect account @ButlerJineea
(left); apparent legitimate, currently inactive account
@Jineea4congress (right)

These and other accounts in the network plagiarized tweets from
additional sources beyond the individuals they impersonated, including
other U.S. politicians, about both political and apolitical topics.

Influence Activity Leveraged U.S. and Israeli Media

In addition to directly posting material on social media, we
observed some personas in the network leverage legitimate print and
online media outlets in the U.S. and Israel to promote Iranian
interests via the submission of letters, guest columns, and blog posts
that were then published. We also identified personas that we suspect
were fabricated for the sole purpose of submitting such letters, but
that do not appear to maintain accounts on social media. The personas
claimed to be based in varying locations depending on the news outlets
they were targeting for submission; for example, a persona that listed
their location as Seattle, WA in a letter submitted to the Seattle
Times
subsequently claimed to be located in Baytown, TX in a
letter submitted to The Baytown Sun. Other accounts in the
network then posted links to some of these letters on social media.

The letters and columns, many of which were published in 2018 and
2019, but which date as far back as 2015, were mostly published in
small, local U.S. news outlets; however, several larger outlets have
also published material that we suspect was submitted by these
personas (see Appendix 2). In at least two cases, the text of letters
purportedly authored by different personas and published in different
newspapers was identical or nearly identical, while in other
instances, separate personas promoted the same narratives in letters
published within several days of each other. The published material
was not limited to letters; one persona, “John Turner,” maintained a
blog on The Times of Israel website from January 2017 to
November 2018, and wrote articles for the U.S.-based site Natural
News Blogs
from August 2015 to July 2018. The letters and
articles primarily addressed themes or promoted stances in line with
Iranian political interests, similar to the activity conducted on
social media.


Figure 5: Sample letter published in
Galveston County’s (Texas) The Daily News, authored by suspect
persona Mathew O’Brien

We have thus far identified at least five suspicious personas that
have had letters or other content published by legitimate news
outlets. We surmise that additional personas exist, based on other
investigatory leads.

“John Turner”: The John Turner persona has been active since at
least 2015. Turner has claimed to be based, variously, in New York,
NY, Seattle, WA, and Washington, DC. Turner described himself as a
journalist in his Twitter profile, though has also claimed both to
work at the Seattle Times and to be a student at Villanova
University, claiming to be attending between 2015 and 2020. In
addition to letters published in various news outlets, John Turner
maintained a blog on The Times of Israel site in 2017 and 2018
and has written articles for Natural News Blogs. At least one
of Turner’s letters was promoted in a tweet by another account in the network.

“Ed Sullivan”: The Ed Sullivan persona, which has on at least
one occasion used the same headshot as that of John Turner, has had
letters published in the Galveston County, Texas-based The Daily
News
, the New York Daily News, and the Los Angeles
Times
, including some letters identical in text to those authored
by the “Jeremy Watte” persona (see below) published in the Texas-based
outlet The Baytown Sun. Ed Sullivan has claimed his location to
be, variously, Galveston and Newport News (Virginia).

“Mathew Obrien”: The Mathew Obrien persona, whose name has also
been spelled “Matthew Obrien” and “Mathew O’Brien”, claimed in his
Twitter bio to be a Newsday correspondent. The persona has had
letters published in Galveston County’s The Daily News and the
Athens, Texas-based Athens Daily Review; in those letters, his
claimed locations were Galveston and Athens, respectively, while the
persona’s Twitter account, @MathewObrien1, listed a location of New
York, NY. At least one of Obrien’s letters was promoted in a tweet by
another account in the network.

“Jeremy Watte”: Letters signed by the Jeremy Watte persona have
been published in The Baytown Sun and the Seattle Times,
where he claimed to be based in Baytown and Seattle, respectively. The
texts of at least two letters signed by Jeremy Watte are identical to
that in letters published in other newspapers under the name Ed
Sullivan. At least one of his letters was promoted in a tweet by
another account in the network.

“Isabelle Kingsly”: The Isabelle Kingsly persona claimed on her
Twitter profile (@IsabelleKingsly) to be an “Iranian-American” based
in Seattle, WA. Letters signed by Kingsly have appeared in The
Baytown Sun
and the Newport News Virginia local paper The
Daily Press
; in those letters, Kingsly’s location is listed as
Galveston and Newport News, respectively. The @IsabelleKingsly Twitter
account’s profile picture and other posted pictures were appropriated
from a social media account of what appears to be a real individual
with the same first name of Isabelle. At least one of Kingsly’s
letters was promoted in a tweet by another account in the network.

Other Media Activity

Personas in the network also engaged in other media-related
activity, including criticism and solicitation of mainstream media
coverage, and conducting remote video and audio interviews with real
U.S. and UK-based individuals while presenting themselves as
journalists. One of those latter personas presented as working for a
mainstream news outlet.

Criticism/Solicitation of Media Coverage

Accounts in the network directed tweets at mainstream media outlets,
calling on them to provide coverage of topics aligned with Iranian
interests or, alternatively, criticizing them for insufficient
coverage of those topics. For example, we observed accounts
criticizing media outlets over their lack of coverage of the killing
of Shiite child Zakaria al-Jaber in Saudi Arabia, as well as Saudi
Arabia’s conduct in the Yemen conflict. While such activity might have
been intended to directly influence the media outlets’ reporting, the
accounts may have also been aiming to reach a wider audience by
tweeting at outlets with a large following that woud see those replies.


Figure 6: Sample tweets by suspect
accounts calling on mainstream media outlets to increase their
coverage of alleged Saudi activity in the Yemen conflict

“Media” Interviews with Real U.S., UK-Based Individuals

Accounts in the network, under the guise of journalist personas,
also solicited various individuals over Twitter for interviews and
chats, including real journalists and politicians. The personas appear
to have successfully conducted remote video and audio interviews with
U.S. and UK-based individuals, including a prominent activist, a radio
talk show host, and a former U.S. Government official, and
subsequently posted the interviews on social media, showing only the
individual being interviewed and not the interviewer. The interviewees
expressed views that Iran would likely find favorable, discussing
topics such as the February 2019 Warsaw summit, an attack on a
military parade in the Iranian city of Ahvaz, and the killing of Jamal Khashoggi.

The provenance of these interviews appear to have been
misrepresented on at least one occasion, with one persona appearing to
have falsely claimed to be operating on behalf of a mainstream news
outlet; a remote video interview with a US-based activist about the
Jamal Khashoggi killing was posted by an account adopting the persona
of a journalist from the outlet Newsday, with the
Newsday logo also appearing in the video. We did not identify
any Newsday interview with the activist in question on this
topic. In another instance, a persona posing as a journalist directed
tweets containing audio of an interview conducted with a former U.S.
Government official at real media personalities, calling on them to
post about the interview.

Conclusion

We are continuing to investigate this and potentially related
activity that may be being conducted by actors in support of Iranian
interests. At this time, we are unable to provide further attribution
for this activity, and we note the possibility that the activity could
have been designed for alternative purposes or include some small
percentage of authentic behavior. However, if it is of Iranian origin
or supported by Iranian state actors, it would demonstrate that
Iranian influence tactics extend well beyond the use of inauthentic
news sites and fake social media personas, to also include the
impersonation of real individuals on social media and the leveraging
of legitimate Western news outlets to disseminate favorable messaging.
If this activity is being conducted by the same or related actors as
those responsible for the Liberty Front Press network of inauthentic
news sites and affiliated social media accounts that we exposed in
August 2018, it may also suggest that these actors remain undeterred
by public exposure or by social media platforms’ shutdowns of their
accounts, and that they continue to seek to influence audiences within
the U.S. toward positions in line with Iranian political interests.

Appendices

Appendix 1: Sample Twitter accounts identified in this network,
currently suspended.

Username

Display Name

Bio

Creation Date

Location

@MichaelA22444

Michael Anderson

Free journalist #resist

3/16/2019

DC

@sammichelsn1995

Sam Michelson

Journalist.

In search of reality.

1995.

Resistance.

3/14/2019

 

@JasonCa26738291

Jason Campbell

It’s our duty to leave our Country-to our
children-better than we found it

2/20/2019

 

@SaraMar44752473

Sara Martin

 

1/24/2019

 

@LisaBro09759828

Lisa Brown

 

1/24/2019

 

@Jennife67352965

Jennifer Parker

I AM

1/23/2019

 

@SusanSc25255529

Susan Scott

Don’t think too hard, just have fun with
life…

1/22/2019

 

@LindaJa02370118

Linda Jackson

I drink lots of tea…

1/22/2019

 

@MarkAda05568324

Mark Adams

 

1/22/2019

 

@aliisseeeee

alliisse

Liberty

1/21/2019

New York

@morsi18

morsi

 

1/13/2019

 

@AntiReality2

Anti_Reality

Very angry

mad at politicians

In
favor of sick minds

1/9/2019

North Carolina, USA

@JennyMick3

Jenny Mick

Unemployment

Widow

mother of
two

1/9/2019

Pennsylvania, USA

@JaneAnton9

Jane Anton

Daughter of best parent.

 

Do
your best, just let your success shows your efforts.

1/9/2019

California, USA

@RabinAntonio

Antonio Rabin

Student at Harvard college.

somehow into
politics.

I love gym

1/9/2019

 

@Angelofhuman1

Angel of human

I do into beauty and humanity

12/26/2018

California, USA

@AliciaHernan3

Alicia Hernan

Wife, mom of tow sons, student,

in favor
of peace.

12/26/2018

New York, USA

@ThomasRace3

Thomas Race

Bodybuilding

sports and into Music and
gym

12/25/2018

Michigan, USA

@EmmaWil14155495

Emma Wilkerson

Student in college  studying International
law

12/25/2018

Sunnyvale, CA

@Kevin24798000

Kevin

A
free person from everywhere

I’m somehow into
politics

12/15/2018

New York, USA

@ImanRashedii

Iman Rashed

Correspondent at  https://t.co/3hxSgtkuXh. 
🎥📸Freelance Journalist.    ➡️➡️oppose War and Brutality
💆‍♂️I was born in Beirut

12/8/2018

London

@emAnderson1996

emily anderson

In search of peace.

Really into politics
and justice.

Love US and other countries.

10/6/2018

New York, USA

@FordNaava

naava ford

 

10/2/2018

 

@MaazRoss

maaz ross

follow back

9/30/2018

 

@sam86523055

ResistSam

high educated free journalist in favor of
politics

in search of reality

Middle East
issues

9/29/2018

New York, USA

@ButlerJineea

Jineea Butler

US House candidate, NY-13

9/26/2018

U.S. Congressional Candidate for NY District
13 serving Harlem, Washington Heights and Western Bronx.US

@TynioAnya

Anya Tynio

 

9/26/2018

 

@livengood_marla

Marla Livengood

 

9/23/2018

 

@Fall_Of_Amercia

Fall_of_Amercia

save the US

9/8/2018

Washington, DC

@IsabelleKingsly

Elizabeth Warren not for 2020

Single. Iranian-American. Lifestyle.And a
tad of politics. @ewarren not for 2020.

9/8/2018

Seattle, WA

@MathewObrien1

Mathew Obrien

A single boy,@Newsday correspondent ,
interested in news Scientist🔬. Animal 🐘 and Nature lover🌲,
hiker and backpacker♍   .

6/21/2018

New York, NY

@HumanBeingUSA

Human-Rights

The fight for human rights never sleeps,
standing up for human rights across the world, wherever
justice, freedom, fairness and truth are denied.

6/14/2018

New York, USA

@ashleyc57528342

ashley cohen

follow me to get follow back

6/14/2018

Arizona, USA

@josefsanchezzzz

josef sanchez

 

6/10/2018

 

@GuillouJan

jan guillou

 

5/13/2018

 

@saidqutb2

saidqutb

 

5/12/2018

 

@olegkashin4321

rajat sharma

 

5/8/2018

 

@Suzan_Nicolson

Suzan Nicholson

follow me to get follow back

5/8/2018

Las Vegas, NV

@caroloffoff

diana culi

 

5/7/2018

 

@hairullomirsaid

guillem balague

 

5/7/2018

 

@habibayyoub1

habib ayyoub

 

5/6/2018

 

@daphneposh

James Anderson

No Magats 🚫, 🔥 Anti War & Hate, Pro
Equality, Humanity, Humor & Sensible Gun Reform

4/30/2018

New York, USA

@JohnHoward333

John H.T

Journalist. RTs Are not necessarily
endorsements. All views my own. #Resist

5/12/2015

Washington, USA

@AlexRyanNY

Alex Ryan

New Yorker, @Newsday correspondent.

You
don’t have a soul. You are a Soul. You have a body.

4/17/2011

New York, USA

Table 1: Sample Twitter accounts identified in
this network

Appendix 2: Sample letters published in news outlets submitted by
personas identified in this network, August 2018 to April 2019.

Date

Author

Author’s Listed Location

Newspaper

Article

Aug. 1, 2018

Jeremy
Watte

Baytown

The Baytown Sun (baytownsun.com)

Title: “Trump’s wall just a vanity project”

The
letter argues against the Trump administration’s proposed
border wall with Mexico. The text of the letter is identical
to that published in Galveston County’s The Daily News
(galvnews.com) on Aug. 4, 2018, three days later.

http://baytownsun.com/opinion/article_85fa9df4-9527-11e8-9aa8-1bb745e7141a.html

Aug. 4, 2018

Ed
Sullivan

Galveston

Galveston County’s The Daily News
(galvnews.com)

Title: “Trump cares not one wit about effects of
shutdown”

The text of the letter is identical to that
published in The Baytown Sun on Aug. 1.

https://www.galvnews.com/opinion/guest_columns/article_7d5b3e9b-cbdd-5ac8-8c91-3a1eb0da3df7.html

Oct. 11, 2018

Jeremy
Watte

Baytown

The Baytown Sun (baytownsun.com)

Title: “Time to fight for it”

The letter,
written from the point of view of an individual aligned with
the U.S. political left, calls on individuals to fight for
justice.

http://baytownsun.com/opinion/article_915fde6c-ccf3-11e8-a085-33dce44563d1.html

Oct. 23, 2018

Ed
Sullivan

Newport News

New York Daily News (nydailynews.com)

Title: “Don’t shrug off Khashoggi’s murder”

The
letter argues that “the most fitting and best memorial to
Jamal Khashoggi,” a Saudi journalist who was murdered in the
Saudi embassy in Istanbul, “would be the swift end to the war
in Yemen.”

https://www.nydailynews.com/dp-edt-letswed-1024-story.html

Oct. 23, 2018

Ed
Sullivan

Newport News

Los Angeles Times (latimes.com)

Title: “Don’t shrug off Khashoggi’s murder”

The
letter is identical to that published in the New York Daily
News on the same day.

https://www.latimes.com/dp-edt-letswed-1024-story.html

Nov. 27, 2018

John
Turner

New York, NY

Times of Israel (blog.timesofisrael.com)

Title: “Saudi Arabia’s foreign policy is failing”

The letter states that the murder of Jamal Khashoggi is
“the latest in a series of foreign policy blunders” committed
by the Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman.

https://blogs.timesofisrael.com/saudi-arabias-foreign-policy-is-failing/

Nov. 30, 2018

John
Turner

New York, NY

Times of Israel (blog.timesofisrael.com)

Title: “Relations with Israel will not benefit Gulf
states”

The letter argues that the Gulf states will
not benefit from normalized relations with Israel, stating
that “the Arab street” would not support those relations and
that such a move would be risky for “the Gulf’s unelected
rulers.”

https://blogs.timesofisrael.com/relations-with-israel-will-not-benefit-gulf-states/

Dec. 26, 2018

Isabelle Kingsly

Galveston

The Baytown
Sun (baytownsun.com)

Title: “Wild West sheriff”

The letter argues
that Trump is not an aberration in U.S. history, but rather an
ideological descendant of various U.S. historical currents;
the article also calls him “an authoritarian, racist
madman.”

http://baytownsun.com/opinion/letters/article_4ad26b8c-08bb-11e9-9056-3f5207ea4cf7.html

Jan. 18, 2019

Jeremy
Watte

Seattle

Seattle Times (seattletimes.com)

Title: “ISIS’ ideology not defeated”

The letter,
written in response to an article about Americans killed by an
ISIS suicide bomber in Syria, asserts that the Islamic
extremist ideology espoused by the terrorist group remains
undefeated.

https://www.seattletimes.com/opinion/letters-to-the-editor/isis-ideology-not-defeated/

March 1, 2019

Jeremy
Watte

Baytown

The Baytown Sun (baytownsun.com)

Title: “Sins of Saudi Arabia”

The letter is
condemnatory of Saudi Arabia, citing its actions in the Yemen
conflict, the killing of Jamal Khashoggi, the killing of
Zakaria al-Jaber, a Shiite child, in Medina, and the
imprisonment of Saudi women activists. The letter also defends
Iran, stating that it is not responsible for similar
crimes.

http://baytownsun.com/opinion/article_4c8f1d4e-3bce-11e9-a391-37761ca39ef2.html

April 9, 2019

Mathew
Obrien

Galveston

Galveston County’s The Daily News
(galvnews.com)

Title: “Sanctioning Islamic corps is pure madness”

The letter condemns the Trump administration’s designation
of the IRGC as a Foreign Terrorist Organization and claims
that Trump is seeking to start a war with Iran.

https://www.galvnews.com/opinion/letters_to_editor/article_860e6c9b-1e22-5871-a1ea-d8d466fccc94.html

April 11, 2019

Matthew Obrien

Athens

Athens Daily
Review (athensreview.com)

Title: “Trump, Bolton trying to start war with
Iran”

The letter, similar to the April 9 letter
published in Galveston County’s The Daily News, claims that
Trump and Bolton are trying to start a war with Iran to use
the war in Trump’s 2020 presidential campaign, while
disregarding the alleged crimes of Saudi Arabia.

https://www.athensreview.com/opinion/letters_to_the_editor/trump-bolton-trying-to-start-war-with-iran/article_e41a029e-5ca5-11e9-b59b-4f174bf94dcd.html

April 11, 2019

Isabelle Kingsly

Newport News

Daily
Press (dailypress.com)

Title: “An uneasy path – Re; Recent Iran sanction
reports”

The letter also argues that Trump and Bolton
are seeking to start a war with Iran toward political
ends.

https://www.dailypress.com/news/opinion/letters/dp-edt-letsfri-0412-story.html

April 19, 2019

Jeremy Watte

Baytown

The Baytown
Sun (baytownsun.com)

Title: “Escalating hostility toward Iran”

The
letter argues that the election of Trump to the U.S.
presidency has set the U.S. on a dangerous course and condemns
the U.S. withdrawal from the Iran nuclear deal (JCPOA),
stating that “the ayatollahs have welcomed this abrogation of
honor on Trump’s part.”

http://baytownsun.com/opinion/article_fd3f8bfa-6249-11e9-992a-d373a2b5a5a4.html

April 23, 2019

Ed
Sullivan

Galveston

Galveston County’s The Daily News
(galvnews.com)

Title: “Escalating hostility toward Iran is wrong,
dangerous”

The text of this letter is nearly
identical to that authored by Jeremy Watte and published in
The Baytown Sun on April 19, excepting changes made in several
sentences.

https://www.galvnews.com/opinion/letters_to_editor/article_0409879b-fff9-5ab8-bbf5-a49a1c1592d9.html

Table 2: Sample letters published in news
outlets submitted by personas in this network


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Author: Alice Revelli

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